Lemurs are endemic to Madagascar and are confined to the remaining forest habitats of the island. They are a highly diverse taxonomic group (>100 species) and at the same time the most threatened group of mammals with about 94% of all assessed species being categorized as either vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered (IUCN, July 2012). In this situation it is vital to understand their local and regional distribution as well as the behavioural constraints, ecological plasticity and ecological requirements of each lemur species in order to determine their vulnerability towards becoming extinct in the near future. Among the nine lemur species that have been reported from the Mariarano area, six are nocturnal (Microcebus murinus, M. ravelobensis, Cheirogaleus medius, Phaner pallescens, Lepilemur edwardsi, Avahi occidentalis). Nocturnal lemurs are generally much less studied than their diurnal cousins but face the same anthropogenic threats. They are therefore chosen as models for this project. The aim of this research is to study the abundance, spatial distribution, ecology, and behaviour of three different nocturnal lemur genera (Microcebus spp., Lepilemur edwardsi, Avahi occidentalis) in various forest fragments in the Mahamavo region, (NW Madagascar).
Madagascar has declared 17% of its land as protected areas, but much of this land is already severely degraded, so the actual area of land under protection is much smaller. An alternative approach to assigning protected area status and prohibiting usage is to develop community managed areas such as Mahamavo, where there is a mosaic of protected and managed areas. DTZ, the German Technical Support Agency, has established a series of community managed forests in the Mahamavo area that appear to be successful and may form the basis for conservation and improving livelihoods in other parts of Madagascar. The Opwall teams here are monitoring how the forest structure and biodiversity in these community managed forests are changing over time to identify whether this management strategy can provide a viable alternative to national parks in terms of protecting biodiversity. The dry forests around Mahamavo have exceptional diversity with two species of diurnal lemur and another five to six species of nocturnal lemurs, two spectacular species of chameleons, three known species of leaf-tailed geckos, and many endemic birds. In addition to the forest work, the Opwall teams are also carrying out long term monitoring surveys in the adjacent wetlands, which have recently been given Ramsar status (a Ramsar Site is a wetland site designated of international importance under the Ramsar Convention).
In Madagascar it is the dry season so it is hot during the day (temperatures between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius) with extremely little chance of rain. During the evenings the temperature does drop to around 18 degrees Celsius with occasional cold spells getting as low as 14 degrees Celsius.
Fitness level required
Moderate. This project requires you to walk long distances, and although the terrain is relatively flat you will be walking mostly on sand which can be tiring.
Facilities are basic (tents, bucket showers, long drop toilets). The site has no phone signal or wifi.