Leanne Cullen did her PhD with financial support from Operation Wallacea on Hoga Island, SE Sulawesi, Indonesia. Her thesis was entitled Marine resource dependence, resource use patterns and identification of economic performance criteria within a small Indo Pacific island community. This study used the example of Kaledupa to provide a detailed case study of a small island community with high natural resource dependence. The study details natural resource use patterns and the extensive local complexities that must be understood for any chance of management success, it also highlights the importance of marine resources to the local economy. A series of potential economic performance criteria were developed which could be used in the development of appropriate management plans that aim to maintain ecological wealth and develop sustainable utilisation, whilst maintaining or improving the economic status of local user groups and maintaining local participation and support.