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Opwall Papers:

Artisanal fish fences pose broad and unexpected threats to the tropical coastal seascape

Full Article 

This study found that artisanal fish fences disrupt vital ecological connectivity, exploit > 500 species with high juvenile removal, and directly damage seagrass ecosystems with cascading impacts on connected coral reefs and mangroves, as well as creating social conflict by assuming unofficial and unregulated property rights. This paper showed that not all artisanal methods of farming and fishing are sustainable and there needs to be a shift towards methods with a smaller footprint. 

 

Conservation contracts for supplying Farm Animal Genetic Resources (FAnGR) conservation services in Romania 

Full Article 

Warwick Wainwright, Klaus Glenk, Faical Akaichi, Dominic Moranc

Livestock Science, 2019

An experiment was conducted to explore farmer’s preferences for conservation agreements to conserve rare breeds of livestock, to work out what kind of agreement would be most attractive to them. The results suggest that rare breed conservation contracts are considered attractive by Romanian farmers, and that meeting their preferences for non-monetary contractual factors will increase participation and thus increase rare livestock breed conservation.

 

Empowering Youths: An Alternative Learning Pathway for a Sustainable Future

Full Article 

Sheryl Green, Stephanie Mamo Portelli

Handbook of Lifelong Learning for Sustainable Development, 2017

Empowering youths by exposing them to traditional farming methods to further their education and employment skills. The activities and workshops in this study encouraged youths to be self-motivated, increased their employability, and empowered them with the realisation of the need to act and live sustainably.

 

Governance analysis of a community managed small-scale crab fishery in Madagascar: novel use of an empirical framework

Full Article 

This study of fisheries in Madagascar shows that local management of traditional industries are more sustainable than intensive methods, but they alone can’t resolve environmental problems and they require larger-scale regulation. Effective governance requires integration of community, state and NGO actors.

 

Sources Outside of Opwall:

Biodiversity conservation, traditional agriculture and ecotourism: Land cover/land use change projections for a natural protected area in the northeastern Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Full Article

Natural protected areas (NPAs) in Mexico preserve ecosystems and biodiversity as well as being homelands for indigenous people who traditionally base their resource management on a multiple use strategy. This study analyzed land use and land cover changes using vegetation maps. The results provide guidelines for managing this NPA and suggest that biodiversity conservation, traditional agriculture and ecotourism are compatible activities.

 

Integrating rural development and biodiversity conservation in Central Romania

Full Article

Traditional small-scale farming methods in Romania maintain extensive areas of high nature value farmland. Southern Transylvania faces serious challenges such as under-employment and rural population decline, which put traditional farming at risk. This paper suggests that bridging organizations should be strengthened to foster the implementation of a rural development strategy that integrates local needs and biodiversity conservation.

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