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  • Overview
  • Objectives
  • Skills you gain
  • Costs to Consider
  • Site Conditions

This expedition is based in Gondwana Game Reserve in the Western Cape where the managers of the reserve are trying to balance the conservation of large mammal species that have been reintroduced to the area, with protection of the hyper-diverse fynbos habitat within the reserve. The spatial diversity of habitat types means this is an ideal reserve to collect spatial ecological data to analyse within GIS. You will have GIS workshops led by a GIS lecturer in our research camp. You will learn the basics of GIS data creation and analysis using existing basemap shapefiles, remotely sensed satellite imagery, and telemetry data from GPS collars of large mammals. The course structure will follow the official QGIS training manual and is suitable for students with variable GIS experience. You will work on an independent project towards the end of your expedition, producing a map of animal movement across the reserve. Alongside this, you will also gain experience collecting the type of spatial data often used in these analyses in the form of vehicle-based habitat mapping, distance sampling of large mammals, and monitoring alien plant invasions. You will also contribute to our long-term biodiversity data collection on-foot, on vegetation and bird surveys. All of this takes place in a Big-5 reserve in a hyper diverse fynbos ecosystem.

South Africa Research Objectives

Operation Wallacea and our partners, Wildlife and Ecological Investments (WEI), coordinate large-scale research programmes to provide an empirical backbone for key conservation projects in South Africa. Our main aim is to assist conservation managers with pressing large-scale issues that they do not necessarily have the resources to address themselves. The South Africa research programme covers a series of reserves across the country, each using slightly different management strategies to conserve wildlife in their reserves. Big game areas in South Africa are fenced to avoid the spread of disease and conflicts between communities and dangerous animals. However, in reserves surrounded by densely populated areas such as Dinokeng Game Reserve, human-wildlife conflict can be a major challenge. Here, our research teams are looking at the extent of this conflict with a special focus on large mammal species. Large mammal distributions are monitored regularly through game transects, and nocturnal mammal distributions are assessed using a matrix of camera traps set up throughout the reserve. By combining this information with our knowledge of areas of dense human activity, we can begin to understand how human disturbance can alter large mammal movement and behaviour.

The restriction of natural movement caused by fences can also lead to locally dense mammal populations with high levels of vegetation impact. Elephants, for example, are ecosystem engineers and their impact can alter vegetation structure and composition. By directly monitoring both fire and feeding impact on vegetation and its knock-on effects to other taxa, such as birds, our teams can assist the reserve managers to better understand how elephants can affect long-term change in the ecosystem. Monitoring of this type is also highly important in Gondwana Game Reserve, which is situated in the biodiversity hotspot of the Cape Floral Kingdom in the Western Cape. This Big-5 reserve has converted agricultural land to conservation, with the large mammals feeding on old agricultural grasslands as fynbos vegetation holds little nutritional value for large herbivores. Reserve management here have therefore asked us to monitor how the large, enigmatic game species are utilising the various vegetation types found within the reserve, to conserve the diversity of critically endangered vegetation types while supporting Big-5 tourism and conservation of the area.

  • Attend lectures/workshops on “An Introduction to GIS and Spatial Ecology”
  • Attend lectures/workshops on “An Introduction to Fynbos Ecology and Management”
  • Complete a GIS project based on animal movement data
  • Learn transferable research skills
  • Learn survey methods to sample large mammals, birds and vegetation
  • Learn tracking skills in the Fynbos habitat
  • Learn about and work in one of the most florally diverse regions of the world
  • Opwall fee
  • Cost of international flights into and out of Cape Town
  • Cost of internal travel to and from the start and end point of the expedition, plus any hotels you might require. This costs around £121 or $175. Extra nights’ accommodation in Cape Town costs around £72 or $104.
  • Park entrance fees – £40 or $58
  • Vaccinations and prophylactic medicines – cost can vary depending on your healthcare provider.
  • All prices in GBP or USD unless specified

Most of our volunteers fundraise for their expedition costs. Find out more.

Climate
Our expeditions run during the South African winter, so rain and wind are regular at this site. Temperatures can get up to 18-20 degrees during the day, but will regularly drop below 5 degrees at night. The wind-chill can make this feel very cold, so warm and waterproof clothes are essential.

Fitness level required
Low. There are some short hikes over rough terrain, but most of the work is in or close to the game-viewer vehicles.

Creature comforts
You will be staying in large safari-style tents with bunk beds. Hot running showers and flushing toilets are provided in a separate block, with large, structured tents used for the kitchen and communal areas. Phone signal is very patchy, but there is wifi for work/research. Electricity is provided mainly by solar panels and then generator for a few hours each day.

Locations

  • South Africa
  • Gondwana

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Preparation

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Wallace House, Old Bolingbroke, Spilsby, Lincolnshire PE23 4EX, UK
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