This project is based entirely in the cloud forests of Cusuco National Park, which has been identified as one of the top 50 most irreplaceable protected areas on Earth (based on an analysis of 173,000 sites worldwide). The first week will be in and around base camp where you will complete jungle training (including an optional canopy access course*) and a Neotropical forest ecology lecture course with associated practicals. After this week you will be trekking across the Park in order to join the research teams in a series of remote satellite camps. Survey work will include patch occupancy surveys for large mammals, bird point counts, small mammal trapping, mist netting for bats, forest habitat structure surveys, screening amphibians for chytrid fungus infections, spotlighting surveys for amphibians, light trapping for moths and pitfall trapping for dung beetles, alongside many other projects.
*This carries an additional cost. The canopy access course gives you the opportunity to learn how to ascend into the canopy using a rope access technique. The course is run by Canopy Access Limited who have worked with the BBC and National Geographic to take film makers and presenters, including David Attenborough, into the canopy for that unique footage.
The forests of Central America are some of the most biologically diverse forests in the world, partly because they are the meeting point of two great faunas – those from North America and those from South America which had evolved separately. Many of these ecosystems have been badly degraded but there is a proposal to join currently discontinuous areas of forest into a continuous Mesoamerican forest corridor running from the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico (where there are other Opwall teams) to Panama. Part of this corridor will encompass the cloud forests of Cusuco National Park in Honduras – a site rich in endemics and endangered species yet threatened by unchecked illegal deforestation.
The Opwall survey teams have been working in Cusuco since 2003 and the data produced has resulted in the Park being listed as one of the top 50 most irreplaceable protected areas in the world (based on a review of 173,000 sites worldwide). As well as underlining the biological value of Cusuco, the datasets collected by the Opwall teams are also being used to make an application for funding through Natural Forest Standard (NFS). This will allow carbon credits from the Park to be issued, which can then be sold to multinational companies wishing to offset their carbon emissions and at the same time help protect biodiversity. Funding obtained in this way will then be used to manage and protect the park and the many unique species it supports.
In the cloud forest of Cusuco National Park it can get warm in open areas (temperatures up to 20 degrees Celsius) but much cooler in the shade of the forest. Overnight the temperature can drop below 10 degrees Celsius at higher altitudes. It rarely rains in the morning but it regularly rains late in the afternoon and overnight.
Fitness level required
Medium – High. You will need to hike from camp to camp for up to 5 hours over steep terrain with your backpack.
Facilities in Cusuco are very basic (tents, hammocks, river showers, basic trench toilets). There is no cell phone signal in Cusuco National Park and very limited satellite internet available through a communal laptop at Base Camp.